Mouth ulcers are small, shallow ulcers that usually occur in the oral cavity. Mouth ulcers are very painful and when they occur can make it difficult talking and eating. We reveal causes of ulcers and how to treat them.
There is hardly a man who hadn’t at least once in his life met with this very uncomfortable and painful phenomena. There are two types of ulcers:
- Simple aphthae – occur 3-4 times a year. Usually last for a week and affecting persons between 10-20 years of age.
- Complex aphthae – are somewhat rare and usually occur in people who have had them earlier.
What causes mouth ulcers?
The exact cause of most ulcers is still unknown. But scientists assume that their appearance has to do with stress, tissue injuries, and certain food that contains acid (lemon, orange, pineapple, figs, apples, strawberries and tomatoes). Also it is believed that if we scratch tissue with a prosthetic tooth or dentures may appear aphthae.
Complex mouth ulcers are usually a symptom of another disease or conditions such as low immunity; lack of vitamin B12, zinc, folic acid or iron; but also disease of digestive tract such as celiac disease or Crohn’s disease.
There are also viral ulcers or herpes simplex type 1, which people often confuse with ordinary ulcers. But these two conditions are nothing alike. Viral ulcers causes a highly contagious virus. They appear in the form of a water blister and unlike aphthae may also appear on the outside of the mouth which is not the case for an ordinary aphthae.
Symptoms of mouth ulcers
You will recognize the mouth ulcers as small white sores on the inside of the cheek or tongue. They are very painful, and before their appearance on the site may occur burning sensation. In addition to the wound itself may occur and fever, physical weakness and swollen lymph glands.
Treatment of mouth ulcers
The ulcers usually disappear on their own without any obstruction treatment. Or because they are very painful reach for some homemade remedies that will speed up the healing process.
- Rinse mouth. Make a solution of a teaspoon of sodium bicarbonate and ½ cup of warm water. Rinse the mouth with the solution several times a day.
- Soak a piece of cotton pad in milk and brush the ulcers several times a day.
- Paste of sodium bicarbonate. Mix sodium bicarbonate with a small amount of water, just enough to form a paste. Apply the paste on the ulcers several times a day.
- Ice packs. Alleviate pain caused by ulcers with ice. Just nibble ice pieces throughout the day.
- Gently brush your teeth. When you have mouth ulcers wash the teeth lightly with a soft toothbrush and toothpaste that doesn’t foam.
Prevention of mouth ulcers
Although the exact cause is unknown, if you are prone to them, there are several steps you can take to prevent their occurrence.
- Avoid foods that can irritate the oral cavity, such as citrus fruits and vegetables and spicy food.
- Avoid chewing gum.
- Wash your teeth with a soft brush and daily floss.
Contact your doctor in the following cases:
- The ulcers are unusually large.
- The ulcers are spread all over your mouth.
- Aphthae lasts three weeks or longer.
- Drinking and eating are difficult.
- Pain is frequent even if you avoid foods that might irritate them.
- You are taking medication for pain.
- There was a high temperature.
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